what are some Native American Facts

By: Guest
Date: Thu-May-14-2009-
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Abenakis

The Abenaki Indians have been native New Englanders for thousands of years,

but are still looking for recognition from their neighbors.

Alabamas

The Native Americans who gave their name to the state of Alabama, the Alabamas have merged

politically with their allies the Coushattas.

Algonquins

Often confused with other American Indian tribes known as "Algonquians," the Algonquins

live in the modern Ontario/Quebec area of Canada.

Apaches

Relatives of the Navajos, the Apache Indians are best-known for their fierce military resistance against

the Mexicans and Americans, under the leadership of warriors like Geronimo and Cochise.

Apalachees

Original people of northern Florida, the Apalachee Indians were driven west and

their descendants live in Louisiana today.

Arapahos

The Arapaho Indians were originally farming people, but once horses were introduced

to the Americas, they began to follow the buffalo herds like the Cheyenne and Sioux.

Arikaras

Devastated by epidemics, the Arikara tribe has merged with their neighbors the Mandans and Hidatsas.

Assiniboines

Relatives of the Sioux tribes, the Assiniboines were known as big game hunters and expert traders.

Atakapas

American Indians of the Gulf Coast, the Atakapas are known today for their contributions to zydeco music.

Atikameks

The Atikamekw are a small, traditional Native American tribe that still speaks their native language

and lives off the land.

Beothuks

The Beothuks or "Red Indians" were the original inhabitants of Newfoundland, Canada.

Tragically, they died out in the 1800's.

Blackfoot

Four tribes make up this powerful Plains Indian nation: the Blackfoot (Blackfeet) in

Montana and the Siksika, Piikani, and Kainai in Canada.

Caddos

Native Americans of Texas and the Southern Plains, the Caddo Indians were

farming people known for their pottery art.

Calusas

Although the Calusa Indians of southern Florida were not agricultural people, they built

technologically advanced cities with windbreaks, seawalls, piers, and canal systems.

Catawbas

The Catawba were one of the few southeastern Indian tribes not deported to Oklahoma,

and they have preserved their native pottery-making traditions among other customs.

Cayugas

Members of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy, the Cayuga tribe are Native Americans

of upstate New York.

Cherokees

Original people of the American Southeast, most Cherokees were forcibly deported to

Oklahoma along the infamous Trail of Tears.

Cheyennes

Plains Indians who depended on the buffalo for survival, the Cheyennes have survived

several American massacres.

Chickasaws

The Chickasaws were one of several Southeast Indian tribes forced to move to Oklahoma

along the Trail of Tears.

Chinooks

Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest, the Chinook Indians were well-known as expert traders.

Chippewas

Also known as the Ojibway, Ojibwe, or Ojibwe, the Chippewa tribe are one of the largest

and most powerful nations.

Chumash

Native Americans of southern California, the Chumash were fishing people known

for their unusual plank canoes.

Choctaws

Despite losing their homes in the infamous Trail of Tears, the Choctaw Indians gave what

they had to help Irish famine victims in the 1800's, and are still admired by Irish people today.

Coeur d'Alene

American Indians of the Great Plateau, the Coeur d'Alenes were master fishermen and traders.

Comanches

Kinfolk of the Shoshone, the Comanche Indians split off from the Shoshones long ago and

migrated to the Southern Plains.

Coushattas

Also known as the Koasatis, the Coushattas have merged politically with their allies

the Alabamas.

Creeks

Also known as the Muskogees, the Creeks were one of the most important tribes of the

American southeast, but most of them were forced to relocate to Oklahoma in the 1800's.

Crees

The Cree are one of the largest native groups in North America and have had a major impact

on Canadian history.

Crows

The Crow are a northern Plains tribe, famous for their expert horsemanship and especially long hair.

Dakotas

The Dakota tribe are one of the largest and best-known Native American nations of the Great Plains.

Gros Ventres

The Gros Ventre were kinfolk of the Arapaho, and called themselves A'aninin, the White Clay People.

Haidas

Native Americans of the Northwest Coast, the Haida tribe is known for their huge seafaring canoes.

Hidatsas

Devastated by epidemics, the Hidatsa tribe has merged with their neighbors the Mandans and Arikaras.

Hochunks/Winnebagos

Unlike other Siouan tribes, the Hochunks never gave up their farming villages in favor of a migratory life.

Hopis

Known as the Peaceful People, the Hopi Indians were expert farmers and artists.

Hurons/Wyandots

The Wyandots, who lived on both sides of the modern US-Canadian border, were an important trading tribe.

Illini

The state of Illinois was named after the Illini Indians, who were nearly wiped out by war in the 1700's.

Innus

The Montagnais and Naskapi have different tribal names but consider themselves part of the same

culture, Innu.

Ioways

Together with their cousins the Otoe and Missouri Native Americans, the Ioways are Plains Indians

who once hunted the great buffalo herds.

Iroquois

The powerful Iroquois Confederacy was known for their war prowess, but also for their government, which

was one of the examples of representative democracy used as a model by America's founding fathers.

Kansas (Kaws)

The Kansa Indians are the tribe after whom the state of Kansas was named.

Kickapoos

Fiercely independant, many Kickapoo people fled all the way to Mexico rather than surrender to

the Americans.

Kiowas

Plains Indian people, the Kiowa migrated frequently to follow the buffalo herds they depended on.

Kwakiutl

Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest, the Kwakiutl tribe is known for their tall totem poles.

Lakotas

The Lakota tribe are one of the largest and best-known Native American nations of the Great Plains.

Lenni Lenape

The Lenape or Delawares are considered by many Indians to be the eldest Algonquian tribe.

Lumbees

The Lumbees are the descendants of the Carolina Indians who helped the Roanoake Colony.

Makah

Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest, the Makah Indians were well-known as expert whalers.

Maliseets

The Maliseet people are original residents of the Canadian Maritimes. They are renowned

for their beadwork and artistry.

Mandans

The Mandans were primarily farming people, but like other Plains tribes, followed the buffalo

herds on seasonal hunts.

Maricopas

American Indians of the Southwest deserts, the Maricopas were agricultural people known for their

elaborate tattoos.

Menominees

Original people of Wisconsin, the Menominee tribe is named after their staple food, wild rice.

Miamis

The Miami Indians lived not in Florida, but in the Midwest: Indiana, Illinois and Ohio.

Miccosukees

One of the tribes that made up the powerful Seminole alliance, the Miccosukees were

original people of southern Georgia and northern Florida, but retreated into the Everglades

when the Americans attacked them.

Micmacs

The Micmac (or Mi'kmaq) people still live in their original homeland in Nova Scotia today,

where they are fighting for the right to fish and hunt as their ancestors used to.

Missouris

Together with their cousins the Ioway and Otoe Native Americans, the Missouria are Plains Indians

who once hunted the great buffalo herds.

Mojaves

American Indians of the Southwestern desert, the Mojaves were farming people known for their

elaborate tattoos.

Mohawks

Members of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy, the Mohawk tribe are Native Americans

of upstate New York.

Mohegans

Frequently confused with the Mohicans due to a poorly-researched literary classic, the Mohegan

people consist of many originally independent tribes including the Pequots and Montauks.

Mohicans

Frequently confused with the Mohegans due to a poorly-researched literary classic, the Mohican

tribe was not driven to extinction, merely exiled to Wisconsin.

Montauk

One of many small tribes of Algonquian Native Americans from southern New England.

Munsee

The Munsee people were original inhabitants of Long Island and New York State, but were

driven to Wisconsin and Ontario by colonial expansion.

Nanticokes

The Nanticoke people were known for their sympathy to escaped slaves, many of whom they sheltered.

Narragansett

One of many small tribes of Algonquian Native Americans from southern New England.

Navajos

The largest nation of Native Americans in the United States, famous for their beautiful rugs

and their intricate language which was used as a code in World War II.

Nez Perce

The Nez Perce were originally a fishing culture, but once they acquired horses, they began

following the buffalo herds.

Niantic

One of many small tribes of Algonquian Native Americans from southern New England.

Nipmuc

One of many small tribes of Algonquian Native Americans from southern New England.

Okanagan

Interior Salish people, the Okanagans were salmon fishermen and traders.

Omahas

The Omahas are Plains Indians of the prairie, who once relied on the buffalo herds for food.

Oneidas

Members of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy, the Oneida tribe are Native Americans of upstate

New York.

Onondagas

Members of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy, the Onondaga are Native American Indians of upstate

New York.

Osage

The Osage are Plains Indians of the prairie, known for their intricate tribal tattoos

(which only distinguished warriors and their female relatives could wear.)

Otoes

Together with their cousins the Ioway and Missouri Native Americans, the Otoe are Plains Indians

who once hunted the great buffalo herds.

Ottawas

The native nation Canada's capital city was named for, the Ottawas are kinfolk of the Ojibways.

Passamaquoddies

The Passamaquoddy people are original residents of Maine, where they still live today.

Pawnees

The Pawnee Indians were known as scouts and allies of the Americans.

Penobscot

The Penobscot people are original residents of Maine, where they still live today.

Pequot

One of many small tribes of Algonquian Native Americans from southern New England.

Pocumtuck

A subtribe of the Mohican American Indians, the Pocumtuc tribe had distinct leadership and

a unique history.

Poncas

The Poncas are Plains Indians of the prairie, who once relied on the buffalo herds for food.

Potawatomi

The Potawatomi were traditionally the fire-keepers in the powerful Three Fires alliance of Indians.

Powhatans

The Powhatan Confederacy is most famous for being the tribe of the real Pocahontas,

but they were also a powerful empire controlling most of Virginia.

Pueblos

Named after their sophisticated adobe housing complexes, the Pueblo Indians are native people of New Mexico.

Quapaw

The Quapaw Indian tribe were better-known to white Americans as the Akansea,

and that's where the name of the state Arkansas came from.

Quileute

The real Quileute Indians are not werewolves, but they do consider wolves their tribal ancestors.

Sac and Fox

These two American Indian tribes allied in the 1700's, when the Sac protected their kinfolk the Fox

from a French attempt to wipe them out. Many still live together today.

Seminoles

The Seminole Nation was originally a confederation of several different southeastern tribes,

and were also influenced by the many escaped African slaves who joined them for

protection. Today the Seminoles are a united tribe.

Senecas

Members of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy, the Seneca are Native American Indians of

upstate New York.

Shawnees

The nomadic Shawnee tribe had settlements from New York State to Georgia, but were

rejoined into one tribe when the US government deported them to Oklahoma together.

Shinnecock

One of many small tribes of Algonquian Native Americans from southern New England.

Shoshonis

The Shoshone tribe ranged across a vast territory in the west, and different bands

had different traditional lifestyles.

Sioux

The Sioux Indians, who call themselves "Lakota" or "Dakota," are one of the largest and

best-known Native American tribes of the Great Plains.

Tlingits

American Indians of the Northwest Coast, the Tlingit tribe is known for their intricate cedar-bark weavings.

Tonkawas

The Tonkawa were originally Native Americans of Texas, but were forced to move

to Oklahoma along with many other Texas Indians.

Tuscaroras

Originally from the American Southeast, the Tuscaroras moved north after the British took over

to join the powerful Iroquois Confederacy.

Utes

The Ute Indians are Native Americans of the Great Basin area between the Rocky

Mountains and the Sierra Nevada.

Wabanakis

The Wabanaki Confederacy was a powerful alliance of east-coast American Indians.

Wampanoag

The Native Americans who shared in the first Thanksgiving feast, the Wampanoag tribe

met a sad fate at the hands of the English.

Wappingers

A subtribe of the Mohican American Indians, the Wappinger tribe had distinct leadership and

a unique history.

Wichitas

The Wichita were originally Native Americans of Texas, but were forced to move

to Oklahoma along with many other Texas Indians.

Wiyots

The Wiyots are northern California Indians who were tragically massacred during the Gold Rush era.

Only a few Wiyot descendants remain today, merged with Yurok and Hupa neighbors.

Yakama

Native Americans of the Great Plateau, the Yakamas were master fishermen and traders.

Yuchis

Though the US government considers the Yuchi people part of the Creek tribe, they have always

been politically independent of the Creeks and have a unique culture all their own.

Yuroks

Kinfolk of the Wiyot, the two peoples have nearly merged after ethnic violence against them in the 1800's.

Zunis

American Indians of New Mexico, the Zunis speak a different language and have some different

customs than the other Pueblos.

[d] By: Guest
Date: Thu-May-14-2009
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