Assuming this is just a minor burn from cooking; the main steps are to
1. Cool the burn - hold the burned area under cool (not ice cold) running water for 10 to 15 minutes, or until the pain subsides and skin returns to normal temperature. This reduces the swelling by drawing heat away from the skin.
At the same time, remove any jewellery, clothes etc from the burned area, unless stuck.
2. Cover the burn with sterile gauze bandage loosely (to avoid putting pressure on the burned area).
3. If pain continues, take an over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen, naproxen or paracetamol (also known as acetaminophen). Do not give aspirin to children or teenagers as it increases their risk of Reyes syndrome.
Call for an ambulance immediately for all major burns, burns larger than two inches, deep burns (even if the person does not feel any pain), the burn involves the airway, face, hands or genitals, or you are unsure of the severity of the burn.
- St Johns First Aid for Burns and Scalds www.stjohnnsw.com.au
- Burns: First Aid, MayoClinic www.mayoclinic.com/