History Helpp!? 10 minutes! please help! (10 points)? 13. Why does most of eastern Russia have a low population density? (Points: 3) There are few rivers and other sources of fresh water in this region. Most of this region has a desert and semidesert biome. Most of the region is located within tundra and subarctic climate zones. Too many mountain ranges make it impossible for human settlement. 14. What did Russia do in the eighteenth century because it lacked year-round ports? (Points: 3) built alliances with Germany and Poland to transport goods over land tried to develop ships that were capable of breaking the ice as they sailed went to war against the Ottoman Empire and Sweden established trade relations with other countries experiencing similar problems 15. What was one result of Russian leaders’ resistance to change during the nineteenth century? (Points: 3) Russia maintained successful relations with long-time allies. Russia struggled to modernize. The tsar developed a different support system. Russian serfs began overthrowing the rulers of their fiefdoms. 16. Who revolted in November 1917 in Petrograd and took power from the Provisional Government? (Points: 3) the Whites, led by former generals loyal to the tsar Bolsheviks, led by Lenin and Trotsky Mensheviks, led by Stalin and Petrosky the Moscow soviet, led by Rasputin 17. What happened once the Communists assumed power in Russia in 1917? (Points: 3) The Russian Revolution ended and there was a relatively peaceful transition. The Whites and Reds, or Bolsheviks, continued to fight a bloody civil war. The Whites and Reds temporarily joined forces to overcome the Mensheviks. The Communists began planning other revolutions throughout Europe. 18. Who followed the teachings of Karl Marx, led the Bolsheviks, and became the first leader of the USSR? (Points: 3) Joseph Stalin Leon Trotsky Vladimir Lenin Nicholas Romanov 19. What important principles did Woodrow Wilson stress with his Fourteen Points? (Points: 3) belief in creating processes for colonial claims and the administration of them belief in the power of democracy and the role of the United States in spreading it belief in the underdog and the right of all nations to self-determination belief in rewarding the victors and punishing the aggressors 20. Woodrow Wilson’s desire for lasting peace in the world led him to include his fourteenth point, the establishment of (Points: 3) large armies and navies that would ensure peace. economic alliances between industrialized nations. democracies in every nation of the world. an international association of nations. 21. They began to thrive now that the pressure of paying for the war had passed. (Points: 3) Many companies closed, resulting in high unemployment among former soldiers. Governments established sound tax collection processes because of the war and were able to use these funds to operate effectively after it. European nations could trade freely with Latin America and Asia since they had not been at war with them. American products were in demand, and European nations were able to establish credit to obtain them. 22. Why did France want the Versailles peace treaty negotiations to make Germany as weak as possible? (Points: 3) to assure that Germany would be incapable of threatening France in the future to punish Germany for its aggressions during World War I to lay the groundwork for building a strong alliance with Great Britain to keep the Russians from turning to Germany for support of the USSR 23. Which group of treaty provisions did Woodrow Wilson believe would lead to another war? Group A agreeing that nationalism had played a part in causing the war creating an organization to discuss and resolve problems agreeing not to form secret alliances eliminating colonization Group B establishing that Germany was responsible for the war requiring reparations from Germany for the cost of the war eliminating the German military returning Alsace and Lorraine to France (Points: 3) Group A Group B 24. Wilson hoped that self-determination would end the old imperialist system of colonial empires. Was his hope fully realized in the Treaty of Versailles? (Points: 3) Yes—the Ottoman Empire was dissolved and its subjects granted complete independence. Yes—Austria-Hungary was divided into new, independent nations based on the wishes of the ethnic groups in the region. No—Germany’s old colonies in Afric

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