Function overloading: C++ enables several functions of the same name to be
defined, as long as these functions have different sets of parameters (at least as far
as their types are concerned). This capability is called function overloading. When an
overloaded function is called, the C++ compiler selects the proper function by
examining the number, types and order of the arguments in the call. Function
overloading is commonly used to create several functions of the same name that
perform similar tasks but on different data types.
Operator overloading allows existing C++ operators to be redefined so that they